In many ways, we are in a golden age of fly fishing for northern pike. For those of us who’ve had the thrill of landing these gators on a fly rod, it’s hard to believe fly purists once looked down on northerns as unworthy of pursuit. But as the pike’s reputation was rehabilitated, tackle companies took note and started creating specialty gear for delivering big flies to these cool-water predators. And the most dramatic improvements have been in leaders.
Fly fishing for the toothiest gamefish in Canadian waters requires a bite tippet—a stretch of tough material at the end of the leader to prevent bite-offs. Before recent innovations, however, they usually weren’t commercially available, and creating one was often vexing. You had to track down 50- or 60-pound mono or some kind of thin, strong wire, then use complex specialty knots or twist the wire strands together and melt the plastic coating. In short, you had to really want to fly fish for pike. Today, however, most tackle shops sell pre-made pike and muskie leaders with bite tippets, as well as the proper materials to make your own.
For those not inclined to fuss with making their own pike leaders, there are some excellent commercially available options. I’ve used both Rio Products’ Pike/Musky or Toothy Critter Leader and Cabela’s Pike Wire Leader (above), and they worked perfectly. They comprise approximately eight feet of tapered mono, with 12 inches of nylon-coated steel wire factory-knotted to the end. The Cabela’s leaders come with wire crimps to attach the fly, while the Rio versions end in either a small snap or flexible wire for tying.
There are a couple of drawbacks to such leaders, however. For one, they cost $5 to $10 apiece. And suppose you use up your supply of leaders during a fishing trip? I’ve never had one break, but I’ve lost them on snags. With that in mind, it’s handy to be able to make your own.
The key to making your own pike leaders is tieable wire. Strong and thin, this plastic-coasted wire is supple enough that you can tie standard fishing knots with it. I’ve used most of what’s commercially available, includingCortland’s Toothy Critter (above), TyGer Leader, AFW’s Surflon Micro Supreme (above) and Rio’s Powerflex Wire Bite Tippet. The wire comes in a variety of sizes, but I mostly use 20 pound, which is about as thick and flexible as 10-pound mono. And it costs between $15 and $20 for a 15-foot spool, enough for at least a 10 tippets.
My standard pike leader is four to six feet of monofilament—between 15- and 30-pound test, depending on the size of my quarry and flies. With a sinking line, I shorten the leader to about three feet. Then I use a double surgeon’s knot to tie on about a foot of wire, to which I tie on a small, high-quality snap or using a uni-knot or a clinch knot.
Snap to It
I usually use a small (above) instead of tying the fly directly to the wire because I’m indolent and cheap. Although tying knots with soft wire is a breeze, changing flies with a snap is even faster. Plus, every time you snip off a fly and retie, you lose a few inches of wire. I also think big streamer flies move a lot better in the water when not tied on directly. Just be sure to use a top-quality snap, rated for the size of fish you’re after. But if you insist on tying your fly directly to the tippet, use a loop knot (see “In the loop” below).
Here’s another interesting thing about plastic-coated tieable wire: as toothy critters chomp ’em, some of the coating gets scraped away, causing the wire to pigtail at the end. You’ll eventually have to retie, but don’t be in a rush. The resulting springiness gives the fly an unpredictable wobble at the beginning and end of each strip. And sometimes, that’s just what it takes to turn on the predatory instincts of a lazy spring pike.
In the Loop
If you tie a uni-knot but don’t snug it down to the hook eye, you get a passable loop. A struggling fish will usually close it, however, so you’ll have to retie afterwards. That’s why my favourite loop knot for attaching a fly is the non-slip mono loop (above). It’s easy to tie and works perfectly with tieable wire.